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An exhaustive taxonomy of Ramphastidae can be downloaded as a Word document by pressing this link.

Within the taxonomy below are links to some of the finest images and articles on the natural history of the birds you flew in on ‚ toucans.

Genus Aulacorhynchus

1. Aulacorhynchus [prasinus]
Aulacorhynchus prasinus
A. p. prasinus
Gould 1833 Emerald Toucanet
A. p. virescens
Ridgway 1912
A. p. stenorhabdus
Dickey & Van Rossem 1930
A. p. volcanius
Dickey & Van Rossem 1930
A. p. chiapensis
Brodkorb 1939
A. p. warneri
Winker 2000 Warner's E. Toucanet
Aulacorhynchus albivitta
A. a. albivitta
Boissonneau 1840 Andean E. Toucanet
A. a. phaeolaemus
Gould 1874
A. a. griseigularis
Chapman 1915
Aulacorhynchus atrogularis
A. p. atrogularis
Sturm, JHCF & JW 1841 Black-throated (Peruvian) E. Toucanet
A. a. cyanolaemus
Gould 1866
A. p. dimidiatus
Ridgway 1886
Aulacorhynchus wagleri
Sturm, JHCF & JW 1841 Wagler’s E. Toucanet
Aulacorhynchus caeruleogularis
A. c. caeruleogularis
Gould 1854 Blue-throated E. Toucanet
A. c. maxillaris
Aulacorhynchus lautus
Bangs 1898 Santa Marta E. Toucanet
Aulacorhynchus cognatus
Nelson 1912 Violet-Throated (Nelson's) E. Toucanet

2. Aulacorhynchus [sulcatus]
Aulacorhynchus sulcatus
A. s. sulcatus
Swainson 1820 Groove-billed Toucanet
A. s. calorhynchus
Gould 1874
A. s. erythrognathus
Gould 1874
Aulacorhynchus derbianus
A. d. derbianus
Gould 1835 Chestnut-tipped Toucanet
A. d. duidae
Chapman 1929
A. d. whitelianus
Salvin & Godman 1882
A. d. osgoodi
Blake 1941
A. d. nigrirostris
Traylor 1951

3. Aulacorhynchus [haematopygus]
Aulacorhynchus haematopygus
A. h. haematopygus
Gould 1835 Crimson-rumped Toucanet
A. h. sexnotatus
Gould 1868
Aulacorhynchus huallagae
Carriker 1933 Yellow-browed Toucanet
Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis
Orbigny 1840 Blue-banded Toucanet

Genus Pteroglossus

4. Pteroglossus [viridis]
Pteroglossus viridis
Linnaeus 1766 Green Araçari
Pteroglossus inscriptus
P. i. inscriptus
Swainson   1822 Lettered Araçari
P. i. humboldti
Wagler   1827

5. Pteroglossus [bitorquatus]
Pteroglossus bitorquatus
P. b. bitorquatus
Vigors   1826 Red-necked Araçari
P. b. reichenowi
Snethlage, E 1907
P. b. sturmii
Natterer   1842
Pteroglossus flavirostris (azara)
P. f. azara
Vieillot   1819 Ivory-billed Araçari
P. f. flavirostris
Fraser   1840
P. f. mariae
Gould   1854 Brown-mandibled Araçari

6. Pteroglossus [aracari]
Pteroglossus aracari
P. a. aracari
Linnaeus 1908 Black-necked Araçari
P. a. atricollis
Statius Muller 1776
P. a. vergens
Griscom & Greenway 1937
P. a. roraimae
Pteroglossus castanotis
P. c. castanotis
Gould 1834 Chestnut-eared Araçari
P. c. australis
Cassin 1867
Pteroglossus pluricinctus
Gould 1836 Many-banded Araçari
Pteroglossus torquatus
P. t. torquatus
Gmelin 1788 Collared (Spotted) Araçari
P. t. nuchalis
Cabanis 1862
P. t. erythrozonus
Ridgway 1912
P. t. erythropygius
Gould 1843 Pale-mandibled Araçari
P. t. sanguineus
Gould 1854 Stripe-billed Araçari
P. t. frantzii
Cabanis 1861 Fiery-billed Araçari

7. Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
Wagler 1832 Curl-crested Araçari

Genus Selenidera

8. Selenidera [maculirostris]
Selenidera maculirostris
Lichtenstein 1823 Spot-billed Toucanet
Selenidera gouldii
S. g. gouldii
Natterer 1837 Gould's Toucanet
S. g. hellmayri
Griscom & Greenway 1937
S. g. baturitensis
Selenidera reinwardtii
S. r. reinwardtii
Wagler 1827 Gold-collared Toucanet
S. r. langsdorffii
Wagler 1827
Selenidera nattereri
Gould 1836 Tawny-tufted Toucanet
Selenidera culik
Wagler 1827 Guianan Toucanet
Selenidera spectabilis
Cassin 1858 Yellow-eared Toucanet

Genus Baillonius

9. Baillonius bailloni
Baillonius bailloni
Vieillot 1819 Saffron Toucanet

Genus Andigena

10. Andigena [hypoglauca]

Andigena hypoglauca
A. h. hypoglauca
Gould 1833 Grey-breasted Mountain-toucan
A. h. lateralis
Chapman 1923
Andigena laminirostris
Gould 1851 Plate-billed Mountain-toucan
Andigena cucullata
Gould 1846 Hooded Mountain-toucan

11. Andigena [nigrirostris]
Andigena nigrirostris
A. n. nigrirostris
Waterhouse 1839 Black-billed Mountain-toucan
A. n. occidentalis
Chapman 1915
A. n. spilorhynchus
Gould 1858

Genus Ramphastos

12. Ramphastos [dicolorus]
Ramphastos dicolorus
Linnaeus 1766 Red-breasted Toucan
Ramphastos vitellinus
R. v.  vitellinus
Lichtenstein 1823 Channel-billed Toucan
R. v.  ariel
Vigors 1826 Ariel Toucan
R. v.  citreolaemus
Gould 1844 Citron-throated Toucan
R. v.  culminatus
Gould 1833 Yellow-ridged Toucan
R. v.  pintoi
Ramphastos brevis
Meyer de Schauensee 1945 Choco Toucan
Ramphastos sulfuratus
R. s. sulfuratus
Lesson 1830 Rainbow (Keel) billed Toucan
R. s. brevicarinatus
Gould 1854

13. Ramphastos [toco]
Ramphastos toco
R. t. toco
Statius Muller 1776 Toco Toucan
R. t. albogularis
Cabanis 1862

14. Ramphastos [tucanus]
Ramphastos tucanus
R. t. tucanus
Linnaeus 1908 Red-billed Toucan
R. t. cuvieri
Wagler 1827 Cuvier’s Toucan
R. t. inca
Gould 1846
Ramphastos swainsonii
Gould 1833 Chestnut-mandibled Toucan
Ramphastos ambiguus
R. a. ambiguus
Swainson 1823 Black-mandibled Toucan
R. a. abbreviatus
Cabanis 1862

All the articles referenced at the links above are available at SORA (Searchable Ornithological Research Archive). They are made available here solely for your educational enrichment.

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David Foley • 407 721-6132 •